The thermal ecology of flowers

Casper J. van der Kooi, Peter G. Kevan, Matthew H. Koski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
137 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obtaining an optimal flower temperature can be crucial for plant reproduction because temperature mediates flower growth and development, pollen and ovule viability, and influences pollinator visitation. The thermal ecology of flowers is an exciting, yet understudied field of plant biology.

SCOPE: This review focuses on several attributes that modify exogenous heat absorption and retention in flowers. We discuss how flower shape, orientation, heliotropic movements, pubescence, coloration, opening-closing movements and endogenous heating contribute to the thermal balance of flowers. Whenever the data are available, we provide quantitative estimates of how these floral attributes contribute to heating of the flower, and ultimately plant fitness.

OUTLOOK: Future research should establish form-function relationships between floral phenotypes and temperature, determine the fitness effects of the floral microclimate, and identify broad ecological correlates with heat capture mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-353
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Botany
Volume124
Issue number3
Early online date17-Jun-2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16-Aug-2019

Keywords

  • POLLEN GERMINATION
  • SNOW BUTTERCUP
  • TEMPERATURE REGULATION
  • PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY
  • REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS
  • FLORAL ORIENTATION
  • GLASSHOUSE PLANT
  • SOLAR-TRACKING
  • HELIOTROPISM
  • COLOR

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