The treatment of hypochondriasis: exposure plus response prevention vs cognitive therapy

S. Visser, T.K. Bouman

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Abstract

In this study (1) exposure in vivo plus response prevention, (2) cognitive therapy and (3) a waiting-list control condition were compared on their efficacy on the treatment of hypochondriasis. Seventy-eight patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of hypochondriasis were randomly assigned to one of these conditions. Patients in both active treatment conditions improved significantly on all the measures, whereas the patients in the waiting-list control condition did not improve. The improvements were clinically significant. Exposure in vivo plus response prevention and cognitive therapy were equally effective. The improvements were maintained at the 7 months follow up. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-442
Number of pages20
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume39
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2001

Keywords

  • hypochondriasis
  • cognitive therapy
  • behaviour therapy
  • exposure
  • treatment outcome
  • OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
  • BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT
  • CLINICAL-SIGNIFICANCE
  • SYMPTOMS

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