The unfolded protein response mediates reversible tau phosphorylation induced by metabolic stress

J. M. van der Harg, A. Nolle, R. Zwart, A. S. Boerema, E. S. van Haastert, A. M. Strijkstra, J. J. M. Hoozemans, W. Scheper*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated in neurodegenerative tauopathies such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) in close connection with early stages of tau pathology. Metabolic disturbances are strongly associated with increased risk for AD and are a potent inducer of the UPR. Here, we demonstrate that metabolic stress induces the phosphorylation of endogenous tau via activation of the UPR. Strikingly, upon restoration of the metabolic homeostasis, not only the levels of the UPR markers pPERK, pIRE1 alpha and BiP, but also tau phosphorylation are reversed both in cell models as well as in torpor, a physiological hypometabolic model in vivo. Intervention in the UPR using the global UPR inhibitor TUDCA or a specific small-molecule inhibitor of the PERK signaling pathway, inhibits the metabolic stress-induced phosphorylation of tau. These data support a role for UPR-mediated tau phosphorylation as part of an adaptive response to metabolic stress. Failure to restore the metabolic homeostasis will lead to prolonged UPR activation and tau phosphorylation, and may thus contribute to AD pathogenesis. We demonstrate that the UPR is functionally involved in the early stages of tau pathology. Our data indicate that targeting of the UPR may be employed for early intervention in tau-related neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1393
Number of pages9
JournalCell death & disease
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-Aug-2014

Keywords

  • MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT
  • ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
  • ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM
  • GLUCOSE-METABOLISM
  • IN-VIVO
  • MOUSE MODEL
  • HYPERPHOSPHORYLATION
  • RISK
  • NEURODEGENERATION
  • HIBERNATION

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