The use of the GBI in a population of adolescent offspring of parents with a bipolar disorder

CG Reichart*, J van der Ende, M Wals, MHJ Hillegers, J Ormel, WA Nolen, FC Verhulst

*Corresponding author for this work

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To assess the psychometric properties and the usefulness of the General Behavior Inventory (GBI) in the adolescent age range. Method: The GBI, the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and the Youth Self-Report (YSR) were used to assess 117 adolescents of a bipolar parent twice with an interval of 14 months. Based on the K-SADS results, the bipolar offspring were assigned to one of three groups: with mood disorders, with non-mood disorders, and with no disorders. Results: Principal component analyses resulted in the same two-factor solution as reported for adults. The Depression scale of the GBI discriminated between adolescents with a DSM-IV mood disorder, a non-mood disorder and no disorder on Axis I. Significant correlations between GBI scales and the corresponding Internalizing and Externalizing scales of the YSR showed convergent validity. Conclusions: The GBI can be used in the adolescent age range as a self-report to discriminate mood disorders from non-mood disorders or no disorders. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-267
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2004


  • bipolar disorder
  • offspring
  • adolescents
  • General Behavior Inventory (GBI)

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