Therapeutic benefit of intracavitary-interstitial brachytherapy in cervical cancer patients with small and large high-risk clinical target volume

Makbule Tambaş*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the added value of interstitial brachytherapy (IS-BT) over classical intracavitary BT (IC-BT) in terms of target coverage and organ at risk (OAR) sparing among patients for whom an optimal dose distribution could not be provided without IS-ICBT and also to determine if the magnitude advantage provided by IS-BT is similar in patients smaller (<30 cm3) and larger (≥30 cm3) high-risk clinical target volume (CTVHR ).

    METHODS: 24 patients treated with IS-ICBT were included in this study. IS-BT was performed 76 of 93 BT fractions. For each patient, two additional IC-BT planning were created: (1) ICBTTarget-focused plan: The priority was adequate coverage of CTVHR . Then, the OARs were spared as much as possible. (2) ICBTOARs-focused plan: The priority was given to the OAR sparing. Then, highest CTVHR coverage was tried to achieve within the allowed OAR dose limits. The IS-ICBT plans were compared with these two plans in terms of target coverage and OAR doses.

    RESULTS: 13 patients had large and 11 patients had small CTVHR . In IS-ICBT plans, EQD210 CTVHR D90 doses were significantly higher compared with ICBTOARs-focused plans (Δdose: 10.5±6.2 Gy, p<0.001), whereas EQD23 OAR D2cc doses were significantly lower compared with ICBTTarget-focused plans (Average Δdose, bladder: 24.5±25.9 Gy [p<0.001], rectum: 7.6±9.7 Gy [p=0.001], sigmoid: 18.3±15.3 Gy [p<0.001]). There was no significant difference between patients with small and large CTVHR in terms of ∆doses of both target and OARs.

    CONCLUSION: IS-BT provides significant therapeutic advantage over IC-BT for patients both with small and large CTVHR .

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)431-437
    Number of pages7
    JournalTurkish Journal of Oncology
    Volume36
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Keywords

    • Cervical cancer
    • CTVHR volume
    • Interstitial brachytherapy
    • Intracavitary brachytherapy

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