Thermally induced chemical evolution in polyimide films investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Liliane C. Battirola, Petra Rudolf, Germano Tremiliosi-Filho, Ubirajara P. Rodrigues-Filho*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Thermally modified polyimide films based on 1,4-Phenylene diamine (p-PDA) and 3,3,4,4 - Benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) were prepared and their chemical structure transformation after thermal treatment at 350 degrees C-500 degrees C was investigated. X-ray diffraction results revealed an increase in the polymer chain order for all treated PI samples as a consequence of the thermal treatment and chain interaction. TGA analysis showed that the heat treatment promoted different thermal degradation profiles. Electron spin resonance evidenced a large population of free radicals as a result of homogeneous bond cleavage when the thermal treatment was performed at 500 degrees C. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis indicated that the chemical structure transformation not only occurs on the outer surface but also in the sub-surface layer. These results show that controlled fast thermal treatment can produce materials with specific characteristics and may serve as a general strategy for changing both structural and chemical properties of the polymers. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 58:943-951, 2018. (c) 2017 Society of Plastics Engineers

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-951
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume58
Issue number6
Early online date28-Jun-2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2018

Keywords

  • GAS SEPARATION PROPERTIES
  • SULFONATED POLYIMIDE
  • PERMEATION PROPERTIES
  • CARBON MEMBRANES
  • YAG LASER
  • XPS
  • POLYMERS
  • PERVAPORATION
  • CARBONIZATION
  • DIANHYDRIDES

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