Thermally reversible rubber-toughened thermoset networks via Diels-Alder chemistry

R. Araya-Hermosilla, G. Fortunato, A. Pucci, P. Raffa, L. Polgar, A. A. Broekhuis, P. Pourhossein, G. M. R. Lima, M. Beljaars, F. Picchioni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we present a reversible and toughened thermoset system based on the covalent incorporation of a furane functionalized ethylene-propylene rubber (EPM-Fu) into a thermoset furane functionalized polyketone (PK-Fu) via Diels-Alder (DA) reversible cross-linking with bismaleimide (b-MA). FT-IR and DSC analyses proved the reversible interaction between PK-Fu and EPM-Fu with b-Ma via DA and r-DA sequence. Likewise, thermo-mechanical experiments (DMTA) indicated the re-workability of the material with no evident differences in elastic and loss modulus after several heating cycles and recycling procedures. Moreover, a considerable increase in the softening point (tangent 6) was also found for the higher toughened system containing 12 wt% of EPM-Fu (neat thermoset T = 137 degrees C whereas toughened thermoset T = 155 degrees C). A two-fold increase in IZOD impact strength compared to the neat thermoset (up to 27 J/m) was also recorded by the toughened system. Overall, this approach clearly indicates that fully thermally reversible and toughened thermosets can be realized starting from mixtures of furan functionalized polyketone and EPM rubber, cross-linked via reversible Diels-Alder chemistry. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-240
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2016

Keywords

  • Rubber toughening
  • Reversible thermoset
  • Diels-Alder reaction
  • Recycling
  • EPOXY-RESIN
  • COMPOSITE-MATERIALS
  • POLYMER NETWORKS
  • LIQUID RUBBER
  • MECHANISMS
  • COVALENT
  • BLENDS
  • ETHER
  • STEP

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