Thermoplastic Vulcanizates Based on Highly Compatible Blends of Isotactic Poly(propylene) and Copolymers of Atactic Poly(propylene) and 5-Ethylidene-2-norbornene

Roy l'Abee, Rafael Sablong, Han Goossens*, Martin van Duin, Anne Spoelstra, Rob Duchateau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly compatible thermoplastic/elastomer blends were used to prepare thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs) with refined morphologies and improved mechanical properties. Copolymers of atactic poly(propylene) (aPP) and 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene (ENB) (aPP-co-ENB) were prepared via metallocene catalysis. Blends of isotactic poly(propylene) (iPP) and the aPP-co-ENB rubbers are immiscible in the melt, but the very high compatibility leads to a refinement of the morphology in comparison to blends based on iPP and ethylene-propylene-diene (EPDM) rubber. The aPP-co-ENB-based blends show improved tensile properties, while the relatively high T-g of the rubber phase retards the elastic recovery at room temperature. Dilution of the TPVs with oil broadens the temperature window for applications by a signification reduction of the Tg and improves the elasticity of the TPVs. This study demonstrates that the lower limit of the rubber particle size of TPVs that is attainable via dynamic vulcanization of immiscible blends is in the order of 500 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-344
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume211
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Feb-2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atactic poly(propylene)
  • blend compatibility
  • compatibilization
  • copolymer
  • particle size
  • thermoplastic vulcanizate
  • thermoplastics
  • INDUCED PHASE-SEPARATION
  • MORPHOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • POLYMER BLENDS
  • POLYPROPYLENE
  • ETHYLENE
  • RHEOLOGY
  • MISCIBILITY
  • ELASTOMERS
  • DYNAMICS
  • OIL

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