Thermoreversibly Cross-Linked EPM Rubber Nanocomposites with Carbon Nanotubes

Lorenzo Massimo Polgar, Francesco Criscitiello, Machiel van Essen, Rodrigo Araya-Hermosilla, Nicola Migliore, Mattia Lenti, Patrizio Raffa, Francesco Picchioni, Andrea Pucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
289 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Conductive rubber nanocomposites were prepared by dispersing conductive nanotubes (CNT) in thermoreversibly cross-linked ethylene propylene rubbers grafted with furan groups (EPM-g-furan) rubbers. Their features were studied with a strong focus on conductive and mechanical properties relevant for strain-sensor applications. The Diels-Alder chemistry used for thermoreversible cross-linking allows for the preparation of fully recyclable, homogeneous, and conductive nanocomposites. CNT modified with compatible furan groups provided nanocomposites with a relatively large tensile strength and small elongation at break. High and low sensitivity deformation experiments of nanocomposites with 5 wt % CNT (at the percolation threshold) displayed an initially linear sensitivity to deformation. Notably, only fresh samples displayed a linear response of their electrical resistivity to deformations as the resistance variation collapsed already after one cycle of elongation. Notwithstanding this mediocre performance as a strain sensor, the advantages of using thermoreversible chemistry in a conductive rubber nanocomposite were highlighted by demonstrating crack-healing by welding due to the joule effect on the surface and the bulk of the material. This will open up new technological opportunities for the design of novel strain-sensors based on recyclable rubbers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number58
JournalNanomaterials (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this