Three-dimensional conformal simultaneously integrated boost technique for breast-conserving radiotherapy

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the target coverage and normal tissue dose with the simultaneously integrated boost (SIB) and the sequential boost technique in breast cancer, and to evaluate the incidence of acute skin toxicity in patients treated with the SIB technique.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty patients with early-stage left-sided breast cancer underwent breast-conserving radiotherapy using the SIB technique. The breast and boost planning target volumes (PTVs) were treated simultaneously (i.e., for each fraction, the breast and boost PTVs received 1.81 Gy and 2.3 Gy, respectively). Three-dimensional conformal beams with wedges were shaped and weighted using forward planning. Dose-volume histograms of the PTVs and organs at risk with the SIB technique, 28 x (1.81 + 0.49 Gy), were compared with those for the sequential boost technique, 25 x 2 Gy + 8 x 2 Gy. Acute skin toxicity was evaluated for 90 patients treated with the SIB technique according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0.

RESULTS: PTV coverage was adequate with both techniques. With SIB, more efficiently shaped boost beams resulted in smaller irradiated volumes. The mean volume receiving > or =107% of the breast dose was reduced by 20%, the mean volume outside the boost PTV receiving > or =95% of the boost dose was reduced by 54%, and the mean heart and lung dose were reduced by 10%. Of the evaluated patients, 32.2% had Grade 2 or worse toxicity.

CONCLUSION: The SIB technique is proposed for standard use in breast-conserving radiotherapy because of its dose-limiting capabilities, easy implementation, reduced number of treatment fractions, and relatively low incidence of acute skin toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1018-1023
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Jul-2007
Event25th Congress of the European-Society-for-Therapeutic-Radiology-and-Oncology - , Germany
Duration: 8-Oct-200612-Oct-2006

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • three-dimensional planning
  • simultaneously integrated boost
  • normal tissue
  • skin toxicity
  • INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY
  • RANDOMIZED-TRIAL
  • CANCER
  • RADIATION
  • WOMEN
  • IMRT
  • IRRADIATION
  • LUMPECTOMY
  • CARCINOMA
  • TOXICITY

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