Three female patients with Danon disease presenting with predominant cardiac phenotype: a case series

Bart A Mulder, Yvonne M Hoedemaekers, Maarten P van den Berg, Rosa L E van Loon, Anna M Wind, Jan D H Jongbloed, Ans C P Wiesfeld

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Background: Danon disease is a rare X-linked multisystemic disorder that has primarily been described in male patients.

Case summary: We present three female patients with Danon disease with a predominantly cardiac phenotype in whom disease onset and expression was very different from that of male patients. Case 1 was first admitted for acute heart failure and then readmitted a few months later for cardiac shock, necessitating mechanical support, and heart transplantation. Case 2 had complex arrhythmias for which many antiarrhythmic drugs were tried with only limited success. Her disease accelerated after her first pregnancy, and she showed reduced left ventricular function and dilated cardiomyopathy. Case 3 was referred for near syncope and ablated for an accessory pathway; she had extensive left ventricular hypertrophy. In all three cases, a final diagnosis of Danon disease was only made after genetic testing that identified a causal variant in the lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 gene.

Discussion: Danon disease in female patients is a challenging diagnosis that may not be identified until genetic testing has been performed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberytz132
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean heart journal. Case reports
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept-2019

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