Time and management: the need for hora management

L Karsten*, J Leopold

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Working time patterns are moving away from the traditional pattern of regularity, standardisation and co-ordination to a new triptych of individualism, heterogeneity and irregularity. Seeks to make sense of these changes through the concept of hora management as an approach to manage the interface between temporally asymmetric domains of organisational and domestic space mediated through the space of professional relations. Drawing on the societal approach, defines the three spaces - professional relations, organisational and domestic - and builds a model of their inter-relationship that incorporates the supranational impact of the European Union. Organisational citizenship will require managers to pursue family-friendly policies and recognise that time spent in one domain cannot be equated with time spent in another. Hora management offers a way of managing these tensions and contradictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-421
Number of pages17
JournalPersonnel Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • time management
  • work
  • regulations
  • European Union
  • model
  • WORK

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