Purpose: Baseline urinary creatinine excretion (UCE) is associated with ICU outcome, but its time course is not known.
Materials and methods: We determined changes in UCE, plasma creatinine, measured creatinine clearance (mCC) and estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) in patients with an ICU-stay 30d without acute kidney injury stage 3. The Cockcroft-Gault, MDRD (modification of diet in renal disease) and CKD-EPI (chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration) equations were used.
Results: In 248 patients with 5143 UCEs hospital mortality was 24%. Over 30d, UCE absolutely decreased in male survivors and non-survivors and female survivors and nonsurvivors by 0.19, 0.16, 0.10 and 0.05 mmol/d/d (all P < 0.001). Relative decreases in UCE were similar in all four groups: 1.3, 1.4, 1.2 and 0.9%/d respectively. Over 30d, mCC remained unchanged, but eGFR rose by 31% (CKD-EPI) and 73% (MDRD) and creatinine clearance estimated by Cockcroft-Gault by 59% (all P < 0.001).
Conclusions: Over 1 month of ICU stay, UCE declined by 1%/d which may correspond to an equivalent decline in muscle mass. These rates of UCE decrease were similar in survivors, non-survivors, males and females underscoring the intransigent nature of this process. In contrast to measured creatinine clearance, estimates of eGFR progressively rose during ICU stay.
(c) 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc.
- Urinary creatinine excretion
- Glomerular filtration rate
- Creatinine clearance
- Muscle mass
- Muscle wasting
- Urinary urea excretion
- Creatinine ratio
- CRITICALLY-ILL PATIENTS
- ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY
- SERUM CREATININE