Time courses of urinary creatinine excretion, measured creatinine clearance and estimated glomerular filtration rate over 30 days of ICU admission

M Volbeda, L Hessels, R A Posma, S J Bakker, M W Nijsten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Baseline urinary creatinine excretion (UCE) is associated with ICU outcome, but its time course is not known.

Materials and methods: We determined changes in UCE, plasma creatinine, measured creatinine clearance (mCC) and estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) in patients with an ICU-stay 30d without acute kidney injury stage 3. The Cockcroft-Gault, MDRD (modification of diet in renal disease) and CKD-EPI (chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration) equations were used.

Results: In 248 patients with 5143 UCEs hospital mortality was 24%. Over 30d, UCE absolutely decreased in male survivors and non-survivors and female survivors and nonsurvivors by 0.19, 0.16, 0.10 and 0.05 mmol/d/d (all P < 0.001). Relative decreases in UCE were similar in all four groups: 1.3, 1.4, 1.2 and 0.9%/d respectively. Over 30d, mCC remained unchanged, but eGFR rose by 31% (CKD-EPI) and 73% (MDRD) and creatinine clearance estimated by Cockcroft-Gault by 59% (all P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Over 1 month of ICU stay, UCE declined by 1%/d which may correspond to an equivalent decline in muscle mass. These rates of UCE decrease were similar in survivors, non-survivors, males and females underscoring the intransigent nature of this process. In contrast to measured creatinine clearance, estimates of eGFR progressively rose during ICU stay.

(c) 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-166
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume63
Early online date24-Sep-2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2021

Keywords

  • Urinary creatinine excretion
  • Creatinine
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Creatinine clearance
  • Muscle mass
  • Muscle wasting
  • Sarcopenia
  • Urinary urea excretion
  • Urea
  • Creatinine ratio
  • CRITICALLY-ILL PATIENTS
  • ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY
  • SERUM CREATININE
  • MORTALITY
  • PREDICTION
  • EQUATIONS
  • OUTCOMES
  • DISEASE
  • MASS

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