Time dependency of automated collateral scores in computed tomography angiography and computed tomography perfusion images in patients with intracranial arterial occlusion

Jiahang Su, Lennard Wolff, Pieter Jan van Doormaal, Diederik Dippel, Wim H. van Zwam, Wiro Niessen, Aad van der Lugt, Theo van Walsum

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Abstract

Purpose: The assessment of collateral status may depend on the timing of image acquisition. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are optimal time points in CT Perfusion (CTP) for collateral status assessment, and compare collaterals scores at these time points with collateral scores from multiphase CT angiography (mCTA). Methods: Patients with an acute intracranial occlusion who underwent baseline non-contrast CT, mCTA and CT perfusion were selected. Collateral status was assessed using an automatically computed Collateral Ratio (CR) score in mCTA, and predefined time points in CTP acquisition. CRs extracted from CTP were correlated with CRs from mCTA. In addition, all CRs were related to baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Alberta Stoke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) with linear regression analysis to find the optimal CR. Results: In total 58 subjects (median age 74 years; interquartile range 61–83 years; 33 male) were included. When comparing the CRs from the CTP vs. mCTA acquisition, the strongest correlations were found between CR from baseline mCTA and the CR at the maximal intensity projection of time-resolved CTP (r = 0.81) and the CR at the peak of arterial enhancement point (r = 0.78). Baseline mCTA-derived CR had the highest correlation with ASPECTS (β = 0.36 (95%CI 0.11, 0.61)) and NIHSS (β = − 0.48 (95%CI − 0.72, − 0.16)). Conclusion: Collateral status assessment strongly depends on the timing of acquisition. Collateral scores obtained from mCTA imaging is close to the optimal collateral score obtained from CTP imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-322
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroradiology
Volume65
Issue number2
Early online date27-Sept-2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

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