Time pressure promotes work engagement: Test of illegitimate tasks as boundary condition.

Antje Schmitt, Sandra Ohly, Nina Kleespies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


Based on activation theory and appraisal theory, this study examines the curvilinear relationship between time pressure and work engagement. Further, we argue that this curvilinear relation holds only if time pressure is not induced by unreasonable or unnecessary tasks. We tested our hypotheses in a heterogeneous sample of 191 employees. Results of moderated hierarchical multiple regression analyses provide evidence for an inverted U-shape relation between time pressure and work engagement. Our findings show that the motivating effect of a moderate level of time pressure holds only when employees are assigned to tasks with a low unreasonability rating. Our findings have implications for research on antecedents of work engagement and the job demands-resources model. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personnel Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Time Management
  • Employee Engagement
  • Working Conditions

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