Total laparoscopic hysterectomy versus abdominal hysterectomy in the treatment of patients with early stage endometrial cancer: A randomized multi center study

Claudia B M Bijen, Justine M Briët, Geertruida H de Bock, Henriëtte J G Arts, Johanna A Bergsma-Kadijk, Marian J E Mourits

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Traditionally standard treatment for patients with early stage endometrial cancer (EC) is total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy (TAH+BSO) with or without lymph node dissection through a vertical midline incision. While TAH is an accepted effective treatment, it is highly invasive, visibly scarring and associated with morbidity. An alternative treatment is the same operation by laparoscopy. Though in several studies total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH+ BSO) seems a safe and feasible alternative approach in early stage endometrial cancer patients, there are no randomized data available yet. Furthermore, a randomized controlled trial with surgeons trained in laparoscopy is warranted in order to implement this technique in a safe manner. The aim of this study is to compare the treatment related morbidity, cost-effectiveness and quality of life in early stage endometrial cancer patients treated by laparoscopy versus the standard open approach.

METHODS: A multi centre randomized clinical phase 3 trial, including 5 university hospitals and 15 regional hospitals in the Netherlands. Only gynecologists trained in performing a TLH are allowed to participate.

INCLUSION CRITERIA: Patients with a clinical stage I endometrioid adenocarcinoma or complex atypical hyperplasia are randomized in a 2:1 allocation to receive TLH or TAH. The main outcome measure is the rate of major complications, as assessed by an independent clinical review board. In total, 275 patients are required to have 80% power at alpha-0.05 to detect a significant difference of 15% complication rate. Secondary outcome measures are 1) costs and cost-effectiveness, 2) minor complications, and 3) quality of life. All data from this multi center study are reported using case record forms. Data regarding quality of life, pain, body Image, sexuality and additional homecare are assessed with self reported questionnaires.

DISCUSSION: A randomized multi center study in early stage endometrial cancer patients with inclusion criteria for patients and surgeons is designed and ongoing. Results will be presented at the end of 2009.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Dutch trial register number NTR821.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Jan-2009

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology
  • Endpoint Determination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy/methods
  • Laparoscopy/methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Sample Size
  • Young Adult

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