Towards a Successful Clinical Implementation of Fluorescence-Guided Surgery

T. J. A. Snoeks*, P. B. A. A. van Driel, S. Keereweer, S. Aime, K. M. Brindle, G. M. van Dam, C. W. G. M. Lowik, V. Ntziachristos, A. L. Vahrmeijer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


During the European Molecular Imaging Meeting (EMIM) 2013, the fluorescence-guided surgery study group held its inaugural session to discuss the clinical implementation of fluorescence-guided surgery. The general aim of this study group is to discuss and identify the steps required to successfully and safely bring intraoperative fluorescence imaging to the clinics. The focus group intends to use synergies between interested groups as a tool to address regulatory and implementation hurdles in Europe and operates within the intraoperative focus group of the World Molecular Imaging Society (WMIS) that promotes the same interests at the WMIS level. The major topics on the critical path of implementation identified within the study group were quality controls and standards for ensuring accurate imaging and the ability to compare results from different studies, regulatory affairs, and strategies to increase awareness among physicians, regulators, insurance companies, and a broader audience. These hurdles, and the possible actions discussed to overcome them, are summarized in this report. Furthermore, a number of recommendations for the future shape of the fluorescence-guided study group are discussed. A main driving conclusion remains that intraoperative imaging has great clinical potential and that many of the solutions required are best addressed with the community working together to optimally promote and accelerate the clinical implementation of fluorescence imaging towards improving surgical procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Imaging and Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2014


  • Image-guided surgery
  • Fluorescence-guided surgery
  • Intraoperative
  • Imaging
  • Surgery
  • Optical imaging

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