Towards the understanding of the origin of charge-current-induced spin voltage signals in the topological insulator Bi2Se3

Eric Kornelis de Vries, Alexander Kamerbeek, Nikesh Koirala, Matthew Brahlek, Maryam Salehi, Seongshik Oh, Bart van Wees, Tamalika Banerjee

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Topological insulators provide a new platform for spintronics due to the spin texture of the surface states that are topologically robust against elastic backscattering. Here we report on an investigation of the measured voltage obtained from efforts to electrically probe spin-momentum locking in the topological insulator Bi2Se3 using ferromagnetic contacts. Upon inverting the magnetization of the ferromagnetic contacts, we find a reversal of the measured voltage. Extensive analysis of the bias and temperature dependence of this voltage was done, considering the orientation of the magnetization relative to the current. Our findings indicate that the measured voltage can arise due to fringe-field-induced Hall voltages, different from current-induced spin polarization of the surface state charge carriers, as reported recently. Understanding the nontrivial origin of the measured voltage is important for realizing spintronic devices with topological insulators.
Original languageEnglish
Article number201102(R)
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review. B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 3-Nov-2015

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