Transcatheter aortic valve implantation amid the COVID-19 pandemic: a nationwide analysis of the first COVID-19 wave in the Netherlands

M. J. P. Rooijakkers, W. W. L. Li, N. A. Stens, M. M. Vis, P. A. L. Tonino, L. Timmers, N. M. Van Mieghem, P. den Heijer, S. Kats, P. R. Stella, Vincent Roolvink, H. W. van der Werf, M. G. Stoel, C. E. Schotborgh, G. Amoroso, F. Porta, F. van der Kley, M. H. van Wely, H. Gehlmann, L. A. F. M. van GarsseG. S. C. Geuzebroek, M. W. A. Verkroost, J. M. Mourisse, N. M. Medendorp, N. van Royen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has put tremendous pressure on healthcare systems. Most transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) centres have adopted different triage systems and procedural strategies to serve highest-risk patients first and to minimise the burden on hospital logistics and personnel. We therefore assessed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patient selection, type of anaesthesia and outcomes after TAVI. Methods We used data from the Netherlands Heart Registration to examine all patients who underwent TAVI between March 2020 and July 2020 (COVID cohort), and between March 2019 and July 2019 (pre-COVID cohort). We compared patient characteristics, procedural characteristics and clinical outcomes. Results We examined 2131 patients who underwent TAVI (1020 patients in COVID cohort, 1111 patients in pre-COVID cohort). EuroSCORE II was comparable between cohorts (COVID 4.5 +/- 4.0 vs pre-COVID 4.6 +/- 4.2, p = 0.356). The number of TAVI procedures under general anaesthesia was lower in the COVID cohort (35.2% vs 46.5%, p < 0.001). Incidences of stroke (COVID 2.7% vs pre-COVID 1.7%, p = 0.134), major vascular complications (2.3% vs 3.4%, p = 0.170) and permanent pacemaker implantation (10.0% vs 9.4%, p = 0.634) did not differ between cohorts. Thirty-day and 150-day mortality were comparable (2.8% vs 2.2%, p = 0.359 and 5.2% vs 5.2%, p = 0.993, respectively). Conclusions During the COVID-19 pandemic, patient characteristics and outcomes after TAVI were not different than before the pandemic. This highlights the fact that TAVI procedures can be safely performed during the COVID-19 pandemic, without an increased risk of complications or mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalNetherlands Heart Journal
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1-Jun-2022

Keywords

  • Aortic valve stenosis
  • COVID-19
  • Postoperative complications
  • Registries
  • Transcatheter aortic valve implantation
  • Treatment outcome
  • INTERVENTION

Cite this