Objectives: Transfusion of red blood cells is increasingly linked with adverse outcomes in critically ill children. We tested the hypothesis that leukocyte-depleted red blood cell transfusions were independently associated with increased development of bloodstream infections, ventilator-associated pneumonias, or urinary tract infections.
Design: Historical, descriptive cohort study.
Setting: Single-center, mixed medical-surgical, closed nine-bed pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary university hospital.
Patients: All children
Results: One thousand one hundred twenty-three patients were admitted, of whom 503 (44.8%) were admitted for >48 hrs. Sixty-five (12.9%) had a nosocomial infection (incidence 19.3 per 1,000 pediatric intensive care unit admissions per year). Patients with a nosocomial infection were significantly more often male (72.3% vs. 27.7%, p = .033), had a higher Pediatric Risk of Mortality II score (median 19.1 [range, 6-44] vs. 18.0 [range, 2-39], p = .023), were more often ventilated (95.4% vs. 80.1%, p = .003), and received more often red blood cell transfusions (55.4% vs. 40.2%, p = .021). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male gender (odds ratio, 2.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-3.76), presence of an indwelling central venous catheter (odds ratio, 2.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.29-4.48), and simultaneous use of more than one type of antimicrobial drug were independently associated with the development of nosocomial infections. Red blood cell transfusion was discarded as a predictor.
Conclusions: Transfusion of leukocyte-depleted red blood cells was not independently associated with the development of nosocomial infections in a heterogeneous group of critically ill children. (Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12:519-524)
- critically ill children
- nosocomial infection
- outcome assessment (healthcare)
- RBC transfusions
- VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA
- PROSPECTIVE COHORT
- STREAM INFECTION