Transient magnetic domain wall ac dynamics by means of magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy

P. Domenichini*, C. P. Quinteros, M. Granada, S. Collin, J.-M. George, J. Curiale, S. Bustingorry, M.G. Capeluto, G. Pasquini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The domain wall response under constant external magnetic fields reveals a complex behavior where sample disorder plays a key role. Furthermore, the response to alternating magnetic fields has only been explored in limited cases and analyzed in terms of the constant field solution. Here we unveil phenomena in the evolution of magnetic domain walls under the application of alternating magnetic fields within the creep regime, well beyond a small fluctuation limit of the domain wall position. Magnetic field pulses were applied in ultrathin ferromagnetic films with perpendicular anisotropy, and the resulting domain wall evolution was characterized by polar magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy. Whereas the dc characterization is well predicted by the elastic interface model, striking unexpected features are observed under the application of alternating square pulses: Magneto-optical images show that after a characteristic number of cycles, domain walls evolve toward strongly distorted shapes concomitantly with a modification of domain area. The morphology of domain walls is characterized with a roughness exponent when possible and contrasted with alternative observables which are more suitable for the characterization of this transient evolution. The final stationary convergence as well as the underlying physics is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number214401
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jun-2019



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