Whereas more and more transnational challenges (such as global financial crises, climate change, terrorism, migration, and so forth) are affecting people’s lives, democratic systems and their public spheres (i.e. spaces in which citizens can express their collective concerns) are national. To give a space to the people to partake in tackling those global challenges, there is an urgent need for transnational public spheres. There is no such thing formally. Nor is there a theory for it. Public sphere theory as we have it today is strictly national. There is a strong need to reformulate the theory to meet such transnational conditions if the voice of the public is to be heard at the global level. This PhD dissertation provides a pretheory (that is, the preliminary theoretical steps) of transnational public spheres, mainly from a spatial perspective, which paves the way for future theories of transnational public spheres. For instance, it comes up with the idea of the ‘right to space’, that can be regarded as a spatially focused point of departure for theories of transnational public spheres for the citizens to claim their democratic public space at the global level.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Place of Publication||[Groningen]|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|