Unidirectional rotary motion in a metal-organic framework

Wojciech Danowski, Thomas van Leeuwen, Shaghayegh Abdolahzadeh, Diederik Roke, Wesley R. Browne, Sanded Wezenberg, Ben L. Feringa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Overcrowded alkene-based light-driven molecular motors are able to perform large-amplitude repetitive unidirectional rotations. Their behaviour is well understood in solution. However, Brownian motion precludes the precise positioning at the nanoscale needed to harness cooperative action. Here, we demonstrate molecular motors organized in crystalline metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The motor unit becomes a part of the organic linker (or strut), and its spatial arrangement is elucidated through powder and single-crystal X-ray analyses and polarized optical and Raman microscopies. We confirm that the light-driven unidirectional rotation of the motor units is retained in the MOF framework and that the motors can operate in the solid state with similar rotary speed (rate of thermal helix inversion) to that in solution. These imoto-MOFs' could in the future be used to control dynamic function in crystalline materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-+
Number of pages8
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2019

Keywords

  • ASSISTED LINKER EXCHANGE
  • DE-NOVO SYNTHESIS
  • MOLECULAR MOTORS
  • HELICAL POLYMER
  • LIGHT
  • DYNAMICS
  • CATENATION
  • CHEMISTRY
  • MACHINES
  • ROTATION

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