Urgenda: The Final Judgment of the Dutch Supreme Court

C. W. Backes*, G. A. Van Der Veen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)


The final verdict to the Urgenda case provided by the Dutch Supreme Court has been called a victory in the fight to limit climate change and a milestone in public interest litigation, at least in the Netherlands. As a consequence, the Dutch state will have to reduce ghg-emissions by 25% compared with 1990 at the end of 2020. The judgment has attracted widespread acclaim for being 'courageous' and exploring unknown legal territory. However, a closer look at the reasoning of the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court still leaves many questions, which are address in this manuscript.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-321
Number of pages15
JournalJournal for European Environmental and Planning Law
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Climate Change
  • Public Interest Litigation
  • Tort Law
  • Urgenda


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