Using Structural Equation Modeling to analyze handwriting of children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Nellie van den Bos*, Suzanne Houwen, Marina Schoemaker, Sara Rozenblum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

This study tests a handwriting model for children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) that displays the relationships between handwriting process and product characteristics, and the predictors of these characteristics. Structural Equation Modelling was used to test the model for children and youth with ASD (n = 50) and typically developing peers (n = 50), ages 10 to 15, for a copying and freestyle handwriting task. Findings suggest a generic handwriting model applying to both groups and both handwriting tasks. Unique effects for children and youth with ASD were identified for: (1) high interdependence of handwriting process characteristics, (2) longer pen stroke in air leading to better legibility, and (3) lower scores for executive functions leading to lower scores for legibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155–167
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume54
Early online date15-Oct-2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Handwriting
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • visuomotor integration
  • executive functions
  • MOVEMENT ASSESSMENT BATTERY
  • HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM
  • EXECUTIVE FUNCTION
  • EXPERIENCE
  • IMPAIRMENTS
  • PERFORMANCE
  • INTEGRATION
  • LEGIBILITY
  • PREDICTORS
  • EDITION

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