Validation of the Dutch version of the quick mild cognitive impairment screen (Qmci-D)

Steven Bunt*, Ronan O'Caoimh, Wim P. Krijnen, D. William Molloy, Geert Pieter Goodijk, Cees P. van der Schans, Hans J. S. M. Hobbelen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
421 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Differentiating mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from dementia is important, as treatment options differ. There are few short (

Method: The Qmci was translated into Dutch with a combined qualitative and quantitative approach. In all, 90 participants were recruited from a hospital geriatric clinic (25 with dementia, 30 with MCI, 35 with NC). The Qmci-D and SMMSE-D were administered sequentially but randomly by the same trained rater, blind to the diagnosis.

Results: The Qmci-D was more sensitive than the SMMSE-D in discriminating MCI from dementia, with a significant difference in the area under the curve (AUC), 0.73 compared to 0.60 (p = 0.024), respectively, and in discriminating dementia from NC, with an AUC of 0.95 compared to 0.89 (p = 0.006). Both screening instruments discriminated MCI from NC with an AUC of 0.86 (Qmci-D) and 0.84 (SMMSE-D).

Conclusion: The Qmci-D shows similar,(good) accuracy as the SMMSE-D in separating NC from MCI; greater,(albeit fair), accuracy differentiating MCI from dementia, and significantly greater accuracy in separating dementia from NC. Given its brevity and ease of administration, the Qmci-D seems a useful cognitive screen in a Dutch population. Further study with a suitably powered sample against more sensitive screens is now required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2-Oct-2015

Keywords

  • Validity
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Dementia
  • Quick mild cognitive impairment screen
  • Screening
  • MINI-MENTAL-STATE
  • SERVICES TASK-FORCE
  • ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
  • DEMENTIA
  • METAANALYSIS
  • PREVALENCE
  • GUIDELINES
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • ACCURACY
  • SMMSE

Cite this