Value-based health care in Western countries: a scoping review on the implementation of patient-reported-outcomes sets for hospital-based interventions

Job F.H. Eijsink*, Annabel M. Fabian, Johanna P.M. Vervoort, Mohamed N.M.T. Al Khayat, Cornelis Boersma, Maarten J. Postma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
101 Downloads (Pure)


Introduction: For implementation of the value-based health-care (VBHC) concept, use of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), patient-reported experience measures (PREMs), and clinical outcomes is crucial. The aim of this study was to summarize published studies on implemented PROMs, PREMs, and clinical-outcomes sets in health-care practice.

Areas covered: A scoping review was conducted by using PubMed and Embase. Our study focused on implementation examples of patient-reported outcome sets in Western countries’ hospitals. Included papers were analyzed on content, in particular concerning PROMs, PREMs, and clinical outcomes. We also assessed differences between diseases, categorized as patient-reported outcomes in curative, chronic, and palliative treatments in the hospital.

Expert opinion: A total of 20 studies were found that presented VBHC implementation examples. Results illustrate the disconnection between the development of PROMs and PREMs and the implementation phase, with implementation still in infancy. Hospital organizations should enhance organization for the implementation of VBHC. It is crucial that leading examples of successful VBHC serve as blueprints for implementation, with the participation of all relevant stakeholders. Affordability and sustainability of health care can be enhanced by scaling up successful VBHC-interventions on population levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Issue number1
Early online date31-Oct-2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • implementation
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • scoping review
  • Value-based health care

Cite this