Valuing the welfare effects of air pollution in the Jinchuan mining area

Zhengtao Li

    Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

    1537 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The main purpose of this thesis is the valuation of welfare effects of air pollution in the Jinchuan mining area, China. The following three key research questions are examined. First, what is the relationship between environmental knowledge and perceived health risk caused by air pollution? In addition, how are both variables influenced by socio-demographic characteristics? Second, what are the main determinants of Jinchuan residents’ behaviors of protecting themselves and their family members from health risks correlated with air pollution? Furthermore, how much are people willing to spend on reducing health risks. Third, how does air pollution impact on happiness?

    The thesis shows that environmental knowledge has a positive and significant impact on perceived health risk; the reverse effect, however, is highly insignificant. Moreover, both are impacted by socio-psychological characteristics, notably, income and education. The thesis furthermore provides empirical evidence that perceived health risk induces people to take risk reducing actions. Hence, traditional choice experiments and averting behavior models should be extended to include psychological variables, notably perceived health risk and environmental knowledge. Regarding the third question, the thesis shows that reducing air pollution improves happiness, although improving income and education has a larger impact. Other important determinants of happiness include family size, age, and proximity to the pollution source, work environment and current health condition. The thesis suggests that reducing air pollution is a major long run policy objective. For the short run, the local government should provide information on health risks due to air pollution and possible averting behaviors.
    Translated title of the contributionDe waardering van de welvaartseffecten van luchtvervuiling in de Jinchuan mijnstreek
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Groningen
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Folmer, Henk, Supervisor
    • Xue, Jianhong, Co-supervisor, External person
    Award date26-Jun-2014
    Place of Publication[S.l.]
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs978-90-367-6986-0
    Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-6985-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Cite this