The radiation dose-survival of various hematopoietic cell subsets in murine bone marrow (BM) was determined in the cobblestone area forming cell (CAFC) assay under conditions of single-, split-, and multiple-dose irradiation. A greater recovery in cell survival with decreasing dose per fraction, or increasing fraction number, was observed for primitive CAFC day-28 and day-35 than for CAFC day-6 and day-12 (colony-forming unit (CFU)-granulocyte macrophage and CFU-spleen day-12 equivalents), Linear quadratic (LQ) model analysis of CAFC survival data provided an estimate of the alpha/beta ratio that is an inverse index of the fractionation effect and is known to be lower for late than for acutely responding tissues. This analysis gave decreasing alpha/beta ratios with increasing primitiveness of the CAFC subset. These values were found to be comparatively low (about 4 Gy) for CAFC day-28 and day-35 and are in general agreement with previous studies on long-term repopulation in vivo, In contrast, alpha/beta ratios of CAFC day-6 and day-12 were relatively high (above 6 Gy) and are consistent with values obtained from acute marrow failure. Delayed harvesting of BM after a single dose of 6 Gy showed little evidence of proliferative repopulation over 1 week and hence the differential dose-sparing effect of fractionation among the CAFC subsets appears to be mostly attributable to the influence of sublethal damage repair. These results require a reevaluation of previous notions of marrow stem cell radiosensitivity and repair based on acute marrow lethality (LD(50/30)) or spleen colony (CFU-S) data, especially when applied to fractionated total body irradiation effects on long term repopulating stem cells in a BM transplant setting. (C) 1995 by The American Society of Hematology.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1-Jul-1995|
- COLONY-FORMING CELLS
- REPOPULATING ABILITY