Venezuela's humanitarian crisis, resurgence of vector-borne diseases, and implications for spillover in the region

Maria E. Grillet, Juan V. Hernandez-Villena, Martin S. Llewellyn*, Alberto E. Paniz-Mondolfi, Adriana Tami, Maria F. Vincenti-Gonzalez, Marilianna Marquez, Adriana C. Mogollon-Mendoza, Carlos E. Hernandez-Pereira, Juan D. Plaza-Morr, Gabriella Blohm, Mario J. Grijalva, Jaime A. Costales, Heather M. Ferguson, Philipp Schwabl, Luis E. Hernandez-Castro, Poppy H. L. Lamberton, Daniel G. Streicker, Daniel T. Haydon, Michael A. MilesAlvaro Acosta-Serrano, Harry Acquattela, Maria G. Basanez, Gustavo Benaim, Luis A. Colmenares, Jan E. Conn, Raul Espinoza, Hector Freilij, Mary C. Graterol-Gil, Peter J. Hotez, Hirotomo Kato, John A. Lednicky, Clara E. Martinez, Santiago Mas-Coma, J. Glen Morris, Juan C. Navarro, Jose L. Ramirez, Marlenes Rodriguez, Julio A. Urbina, Leopoldo Villegas, Maikell J. Segovia, Hernan J. Carrasco, James L. Crainey, Sergio L. B. Luz, Juan D. Moreno, Oscar O. Noya Gonzalez, Juan D. Ramirez, Belkisyole Alarcon-de Noya

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

    93 Citations (Scopus)


    In the past 5-10 years, Venezuela has faced a severe economic crisis, precipitated by political instability and declining oil revenue. Public health provision has been affected particularly. In this Review, we assess the impact of Venezuela's health-care crisis on vector-borne diseases, and the spillover into neighbouring countries. Between 2000 and 2015, Venezuela witnessed a 359% increase in malaria cases, followed by a 71% increase in 2017 (411 586 cases) compared with 2016 (240 613). Neighbouring countries, such as Brazil, have reported an escalating trend of imported malaria cases from Venezuela, from 1538 in 2014 to 3129 in 2017. In Venezuela, active Chagas disease transmission has been reported, with seroprevalence in children (

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number30757-6
    Pages (from-to)e149-e161
    Number of pages13
    JournalLancet Infectious Diseases
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2019


    • VIRUS
    • MAYARO

    Cite this