Vertical Distribution of Arctic Methane in 2009–2018 Using Ground-Based Remote Sensing

Tomi Karppinen*, Otto Lamminpää, Simo Tukiainen, Rigel Kivi, Pauli Heikkinen, Juha Hatakka, Marko Laine, Huilin Chen, Hannakaisa Lindqvist, Johanna Tamminen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We analyzed the vertical distribution of atmospheric methane (CH4) retrieved from measurements by ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) instrument in Sodankyla, Northern Finland. The retrieved dataset covers 2009-2018. We used a dimension reduction retrieval method to extract the profile information, since each measurement contains around three pieces of information about the profile shape between 0 and 40 km. We compared the retrieved profiles against Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) satellite measurements and AirCore balloon-borne profile measurements. Additional comparison at the lowest tropospheric layer was done against in-situ measurements from a 50-m-high mast. In general, the ground-based FTS and ACE-FTS profiles agreed within 10% below 20 km and within 30% in the stratosphere between 20 and 40 km. Our method was able to accurately capture reduced methane concentrations inside the polar vortex in the Arctic stratosphere. The method produced similar trend characteristics as the reference instruments even when a static prior profile was used. Finally, we analyzed the time series of the CH4 profile datasets and estimated the trend using the dynamic linear model (DLM).

Original languageEnglish
Article number917
Number of pages26
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-Mar-2020

Keywords

  • ATMOSPHERIC METHANE
  • STRATOSPHERE
  • RETRIEVAL
  • GROWTH
  • TROPOSPHERE
  • VALIDATION
  • EMISSIONS
  • AIRCRAFT
  • PROFILES
  • NETWORK
  • Vertical profiles
  • Growth rate
  • Arctic methane
  • Dynamic linear model
  • TCCON
  • Ground-based remote sensing
  • Fourier transform spectrometer

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