Vindicating methodological triangulation

Remco Heesen*, Liam Kofi Bright, Andrew Zucker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)


Social scientists use many different methods, and there are often substantial disagreements about which method is appropriate for a given research question. In response to this uncertainty about the relative merits of different methods, W.E.B. Du Bois advocated for and applied "methodological triangulation". This is to use multiple methods simultaneously in the belief that, where one is uncertain about the reliability of any given method, if multiple methods yield the same answer that answer is confirmed more strongly than it could have been by any single method. Against this, methodological purists believe that one should choose a single appropriate method and stick with it. Using tools from voting theory, we show Du Boisian methodological triangulation to be more likely to yield the correct answer than purism, assuming the scientist is subject to some degree of diffidence about the relative merits of the various methods. This holds even when in fact only one of the methods is appropriate for the given research question.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3067-3081
Number of pages15
Issue number8
Early online date30-Dec-2016
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Philosophy of social science
  • Methodological triangulation
  • Formal epistemology
  • Voting theory
  • W. E. B. Du Bois

Cite this