Visual map and instruction-based bicycle navigation: a comparison of effects on behaviour

Dick de Waard, Frank Westerhuis, Danielle Joling, Stella Weiland, Ronja Stadtbäumer, Leonie Kaltofen

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Abstract

Cycling with a classic paper map was compared with navigating with a moving map
displayed on a smartphone, and with auditory, and visual turn-by-turn route guidance. Spatial skills were found to be related to navigation performance, however only when navigating from a paper or electronic map, not with turn-by-turn (instruction based) navigation. While navigating, 25% of the time cyclists fixated at the devices that present visual information. Navigating from a paper map required most mental effort and both young and older cyclists preferred electronic over paper map navigation. In particular a turn-by-turn dedicated guidance device was favoured. Visual maps are in particular useful for cyclists with higher spatial skills. Turn-by-turn information is used by all cyclists, and it is useful to make these
directions available in all devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1296
Number of pages15
JournalErgonomics
Volume60
Issue number9
Early online date16-Jan-2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Navigation
  • Spatial ability
  • map
  • Ageing
  • Cycling
  • ABILITY
  • SAFETY
  • PACED SMARTPHONE TASKS
  • SURVEY KNOWLEDGE
  • ACQUISITION
  • STRATEGIES
  • SYSTEMS
  • ROUTE
  • DISPLAYS
  • DRIVERS

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