Vulnerability and One Health assessment approaches for infectious threats from a social science perspective: a systematic scoping review

Maren Jeleff*, Lisa Lehner, Tamara Giles-Vernick, Michel L A Dückers, A David Napier, Elena Jirovsky-Platter, Ruth Kutalek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Vulnerability assessments identify vulnerable groups and can promote effective community engagement in responding to and mitigating destabilising events. This scoping review maps assessments for local-level vulnerabilities in the context of infectious threats. We searched various databases for articles written between 1978 and 2019. Eligible documents assessed local-level vulnerability, focusing on infectious threats and antimicrobial resistance. Since few studies provided this dual focus, we included tools from climate change and disaster risk reduction literature that engaged the community in the assessment. We considered studies using a One Health approach as essential for identifying vulnerability risk factors for zoonotic disease affecting humans. Of the 5390 records, we selected 36 articles for review. This scoping review fills a gap regarding vulnerability assessments by combining insights from various approaches: local-level understandings of vulnerability involving community perspectives; studies of social and ecological factors relevant to exposure; and integrated quantitative and qualitative methods that make generalisations based on direct observation. The findings inform the development of new tools to identify vulnerabilities and their relation to social and natural environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e682-e693
Number of pages12
JournalThe Lancet Planetary Health
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2022

Keywords

  • Climate Change
  • Communicable Diseases
  • Environment
  • Humans
  • One Health
  • Social Sciences

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