Wagnerian Manipulation: Bayreuth and Nineteenth-Century Sciences of the Mind

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In one of the most striking passages in his 1892 jeremiad Degeneration, the physician and critic Max Nordau suggested that Richard Wagner’s theory of the Gesamtkunstwerk meant that his works could ‘degrade man to the undifferentiated sense perceptions of the pholas or oyster’.By reducing human perception to one sense, he argued, the audio-visual spectacle at Bayreuth would amount to an attempt literally to reverse evolution in order to suit the brains of a degenerate audience overwhelmed by the stimulations of the modern world. Far from being an eccentric aside, Nordau’s remarks drew on an extensive scientific and medical critique of the multimedia character of the Bayreuth experience focused on its sensory neurophysiological dangers. Many contemporaries made similar arguments, worrying that the all-round sensory experience at Bayreuth was an uninvited attempt to stimulate the nerves, subvert rational thought and leave viewers in a pathological trance state.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNineteenth-Century Opera and the Scientific Imagination
EditorsDavid Trippett, Benjamin Walton
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781316275863
ISBN (Print)9781107111257
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

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