Walking the line: a randomised trial on the effects of a short term walking programme on cognition in dementia

L. H. P. Eggermont*, D. F. Swaab, E. M. Hol, E. J. A. Scherder

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    56 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Walking has proven to be beneficial for cognition in healthy sedentary older people. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a walking intervention on cognition in older people with dementia.

    Methods: 97 older nursing home residents with moderate dementia (mean age 85.4 years; 79 female participants; mean Mini-Mental State Examination 17.7) were randomly allocated to the experimental or control condition. Participants assigned to the experimental condition walked for 30 min, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks. To control for personal communication, another group received social visits in the same frequency. Neuropsychological tests were assessed at baseline, directly after the 6 week intervention and again 6 weeks later. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype was determined.

    Results: Differences in cognition between both groups at the three assessments were calculated using a linear mixed model. Outcome measures included performance on tests that formed three domains: a memory domain, an executive function domain and a total cognition domain. Results indicate that there were no significant time x group interaction effects or any time x group x ApoE4 interaction effects.

    Conclusion: Possible explanations for the lack of a beneficial effect of the walking programme on cognition could be the level of physical activation of the intervention or the high frequency of comorbid cardiovascular disease in the present population of older people with dementia.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)802-804
    Number of pages3
    JournalJOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY
    Volume80
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul-2009

    Keywords

    • ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
    • EXERCISE
    • COMMUNICATION
    • RESIDENTS
    • HUMANS
    • BRAIN

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