War- and famine-related excess mortality among civilians in the Netherlands, 1944-1945

Peter Ekamper*, Govert E. Bijwaard, Frans W. A. van Poppel, L. H. Lumey

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    57 Downloads (Pure)


    National estimates exist for war- and famine-related deaths in the Netherlands during the last stages of World War II, but no such estimates are available at the local level. To fill this information gap, this article aims at mapping and visualizing the timing of war- and famine-related excess mortality by municipality among the civilian population within the Netherlands. We use mortality statistics at the level of municipalities because these are the smallest administrative units for which this information is available. We use a seasonally adjusted mortality model combined with a difference-in-difference approach to estimate the number of excess deaths in the period between January 1944 and July 1945 separately for each Dutch municipality.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)124-131
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of maps
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2020


    • Excess mortality
    • famine
    • estimation
    • World war II
    • municipalities
    • the Netherlands

    Cite this