When Voting Becomes Protest: Mapping Determinants of Collective Action Onto Voting Behavior

Simon Otjes*, Katherine Stroebe, Tom Postmes

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Do people signal protest by bringing out a protest vote when they feel they have been collectively disadvantaged? Political scientists have been interested in "protest voting" yet theoretical understanding is limited. Social psychologists have studied other forms of collective protest extensively. The present study integrates insights from the political science approach to protest voting and the social psychological approach to protest behavior to study how a context of perceived collective disadvantage influences voting for protest parties. We conducted a field study with a quasi-experimental design. This allowed us to study effects of a plausibly exogenous variable-the presence versus absence of societal disadvantage (the experience of man-made earthquakes)-on both determinants of and on subsequent protest voting. Results reveal that the presence of earthquakes affects levels of protest voting via (national) trust, regional identification, and perceptions of efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-521
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Volume11
Issue number4
Early online date10-Oct-2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2020

Keywords

  • values
  • political psychology
  • social justice
  • POLITICAL TRUST
  • GROUP IDENTIFICATION
  • VOTE
  • DISCRIMINATION
  • ELECTIONS
  • PARTIES
  • PEOPLE
  • IMPACT
  • WORLD
  • MODEL

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