Which Screening Tools Can Predict Injury to the Lower Extremities in Team Sports? A Systematic Review

Joan M. Dallinga, Anne Benjaminse*, Koen A. P. M. Lemmink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

149 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Injuries to lower extremities are common in team sports such as soccer, basketball, volleyball, football and field hockey. Considering personal grief, disabling consequences and high costs caused by injuries to lower extremities, the importance for the prevention of these injuries is evident. From this point of view it is important to know which screening tools can identify athletes who are at risk of injury to their lower extremities.

Objective: The aim of this article is to determine the predictive values of anthropometric and/or physical screening tests for injuries to the leg, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), knee, hamstring, groin and ankle in team sports.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted in MEDLINE (1966 to September 2011), EMBASE (1989 to September 2011) and CINAHL (1982 to September 2011). Based on inclusion criteria defined a priori, titles, abstracts and full texts were analysed to find relevant studies.

Results: The analysis showed that different screening tools can be predictive for injuries to the knee, ACL, hamstring, groin and ankle. For injuries in general there is some support in the literature to suggest that general joint laxity is a predictive measure for leg injuries. The anterior right/left reach distance >4 cm and the composite reach distance

Conclusions: The screening tools mentioned above can be recommended to medical staff and coaches for screening their athletes. Future research should focus on prospective studies in larger groups and should follow athletes over several seasons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-815
Number of pages25
JournalSports Medicine
Volume42
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
  • INTRINSIC RISK-FACTORS
  • ERROR SCORING SYSTEM
  • MALE SOCCER PLAYERS
  • SCHOOL BASKETBALL PLAYERS
  • PATELLAR TENDON AUTOGRAFT
  • ICE HOCKEY PLAYERS
  • PROSPECTIVE COHORT
  • ANKLE INJURIES
  • GROIN INJURIES

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