Why Do People from Low-Status Groups Support Class Systems that Disadvantage Them? A Test of Two Mainstream Explanations in Malaysia and Australia

Chuma Kevin Owuamalam*, Mark Rubin, Russell Spears, Maas Misha'ari Weerabangsa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The recent global recession revealed a huge social-class divide between the economic outcomes of the affluent and their less endowed counterparts. Although this divide has bred social unrest in some societies, in many others such disturbances have been absent. Two mainstream theories of intergroup relations offer competing propositions for this paradox. System-justification theory (SJT) proposes that people from lower status groups are most likely to support class systems that disadvantage them when their group interests are weak. In contrast, we put forward an explanation based on social identity theory (SIT) that proposes that class-system justification is an identity-management strategy that should be most apparent amongst individuals from lower-status groups when group interests are strong. Results from three experiments (combined N = 626), conducted in Malaysia and Australia, which varied subjective social class, provided stronger support for the SIT-based explanation that lower-status individuals endorse societal class systems more strongly when group interests are strong (Studies 1 a-b) and when the class system is perceived to be unstable in the long-term (Study 2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-98
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Social Issues
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2017

Keywords

  • STATUS-LEGITIMACY HYPOTHESIS
  • SELF-ESTEEM
  • JUSTIFICATION
  • IDENTITY
  • SCALE

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