Work-ability assessment in young adults with disabilities applying for disability benefits

Anja Holwerda*, Johan W. Groothoff, Michiel R. de Boer, Jac J. L. van der Klink, Sandra Brouwer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the impact of diagnosis, co-morbidity, secondary conditions (e. g. learning problems, subclinical mental and somatic complaints, addictions, and socio-emotional and behavioral problems) and problems in social context on work ability as assessed by Insurance Physicians (IPs) in young adults applying for a disability benefit. Method: IPs of the Social Security Institute assessed young adults with disabilities (aged 15-27) applying for a disability benefit (n = 1755). Data were analyzed with multilevel ordinal regression techniques. Results: Primary diagnosis, co-morbidity and subclinical mental complaints were associated with IP-assessed work ability. Persons with mental health conditions as primary diagnosis were less likely to reach a higher work ability than persons with somatic diseases. Young adults with two or more co-morbid conditions and those with psychiatric or developmental co-morbidity were less likely to reach a higher work ability level than persons without co-morbidity. Young adults with subclinical mental complaints were half as likely to reach a higher IP-assessed work ability than young adults without this condition. Conclusion: Primary diagnosis, type and number of co-morbid conditions and subclinical mental complaints are associated with IP-assessed work ability. Work-ability assessments among adolescents with disabilities applying for disability benefits still focus mainly on medical factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-505
Number of pages8
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Work ability assessment
  • young adults with disabilities
  • disability benefits
  • DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
  • INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY
  • DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
  • EMPLOYMENT
  • PEOPLE
  • COMORBIDITY
  • PREVALENCE
  • CHILDREN
  • HEALTH
  • IMPACT

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