X-ray spectroscopy on Abell 478 with XMM-Newton

J. de Plaa, J. S. Kaastra, T. Tamura, E. Pointecouteau, M. Mendez, J. R. Peterson

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We report the results from a spatially resolved spectroscopy study with XMM-Newton on the relaxed cluster of galaxies Abell 478. From the EPIC data we extract a temperature profile and radial abundance profiles for Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe and Ni. The abundance profiles follow the same trends as observed in other clusters. The spectra of the core of the cluster can be best fitted with a multi-temperature model. We argue that this multi-temperature behavior is mostly due to projection effects, because of the strong temperature gradient in the core. Contributions from other effects, for example, intrinsic temperature stratification cannot be fully excluded. For the first time we measure an underabundance of oxygen in the Galactic absorption component toward a cluster. The measured oxygen abundance in this absorber is about 0.5 times the solar oxygen abundance as determined by \citet{anders1989}.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 1-Aug-2004
Externally publishedYes


  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 478
  • galaxies: cooling flows
  • galaxies: intergalactic medium
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters
  • ISM: abundances

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