Young deceased donor kidneys show a survival benefit over older donor kidneys in transplant recipients ages 20-50 years: a study by the ERA-EDTA Registry

Maria Pippias*, Kitty J Jager, Anders Åsberg, Stefan P Berger, Patrik Finne, James G Heaf, Julia Kerschbaum, Marko Lempinen, Ángela Magaz, Ziad A Massy, Vianda S Stel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Updated survival outcomes of young recipients receiving young or old deceased donor kidneys are required when considering accepting a deceased donor kidney. Methods: We examined outcomes in 6448 European kidney allografts donated from younger (≥20-<50 years) and older (≥50-<70 years) deceased donors when transplanted into very young (≥20-<35 years) or young (≥35-<50 years) adult recipients. Outcomes of first kidney transplantations during 2000-13 and followed-up to 2015 were determined via competing risk, restricted mean survival and Cox regression methods. Results: The 10-year cumulative incidence of graft failure was lowest in very young {22.0% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 19.1-24.9]} and young [15.3% (95% CI 13.7-16.9)] recipients of younger donor kidneys and highest in very young [36.7% (95% CI 31.9-41.5)] and young [29.2% (95% CI 25.1-33.2)] recipients of older donor kidneys. At the 10-year follow-up, younger donor kidneys had a 1 year (very young) or 9 months (young) longer mean graft survival time compared with older donor kidneys. Graft failure risk in younger donor kidneys was 45% [very young adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 0.55 (95% CI 0.44-0.68)] and 40% [young aHR 0.60 (95% CI 0.53-0.67)] lower compared with older donor kidneys. A 1-year increase in donor age resulted in a 2% [very young aHR 1.02 (95% CI 1.00-1.04)] or 1% [young aHR 1.01 (95% CI 1.00-1.01)] increase in the 10-year risk of death. Conclusions: Younger donor kidneys show survival benefits over older donor kidneys in adult recipients ages 20-50 years. Updated survival outcomes from older deceased donors are necessary due to advances in transplantation medicine and the increasing role these donors play in organ transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-543
Number of pages10
JournalNephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Volume35
Issue number3
Early online date7-Sep-2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2020

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