Data for: Global patterns of ecologically unequal exchange: implications for sustainability in the 21st century

  • Henrik von Wehrden (Contributor)
  • Stefan Giljum (Contributor)
  • Klaus Hubacek (Contributor)
  • Christian Dorninger (Contributor)
  • Hanspeter Wieland (Contributor)
  • Anke Schaffartzik (Contributor)
  • Alf Hornborg (Contributor)
  • Robert L. Feller (Contributor)
  • John Oliver Engler (Contributor)
  • David J. Abson (Contributor)



The excel file contains all data used to construct the structural equation models for 2015. This includes data on population, gross national income, biophysical reserves, the technology index, military expenses, net imports of raw material equivalents, embodied energy, land, and labor, and the value added of raw material equivalents exported, as well as that of embodied energy exported, embodied land, and labor.
Datum van beschikbaarheid4-sep-2020
UitgeverUniversity of Groningen

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