Organisational unit profile

A major challenge in ecology is the need for a better theoretical framework for understanding how species assemblages (ecological communities) arise, why some are species-rich and others species-poor, and why some species are present or dominant whereas others are not.

Current community assembly theory is largely based on static models. However, ecological dynamics (e.g. ecological drift, competition, immigration), or evolutionary dynamics (e.g. genetic drift, natural selection, speciation) generate continual changes in the constituents of communities and the sources from which they are assembled. The dynamical models that do exist do not take the community perspective or do not readily allow inferences from data. Moreover, there is often a mismatch between models and data.

We attempt to solve these problems simultaneously by developing a fully stochastic, dynamical and data-friendly theory of community assembly, and testing and informing this theory with model-oriented experiments and field studies of both macro-organisms and micro-organisms. The theory should contain models of speciation, extinction, immigration and demographic change that vary in spatial, phylogenetic and biotic complexity, and which we design for confrontation with data by providing each model’s likelihood given the data.

We apply this framework particularly to island biogeography. Islands are natural laboratories of evolution, including macroevolution and diversification. We develop tools to infer rates of diversity dynamics from phylogenetic data and where possible other types of data such as trait distributions, interactions with other species, and the islands geological history. We provide software tools for scientists and conservationists to assess the processes underlying natural communities and predict their future composition and diversity.

Samenwerkingen en hoofdonderzoeksgebieden uit de afgelopen vijf jaar

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