Eco-evolutionary dynamics in the winter moth, Operophtera brumata: The mechanism of adaptation to changing ecological conditions due to climate change

Projectdetails

Omschrijving

Winter moths are rapidly adapting to a changing environment. Climate change causes oak bud bursting to advance over time, resulting in an increasing asynchrony between this critical food source for winter moth larvae and winter moth egg hatching. In response, winter moth egg development has genetically changed and responds less strongly to temperature changes. This genetic change results in a better match between egg hatching date and oak bud burst date. In my project, I aim to uncover the mechanism of adaptation underlying the observed changes in winter moth egg phenology. I will link ecological dynamics to functional genomics in the context of a changing environment using different approaches. At the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), winter moths have been sampled yearly since 1994. Using this long-term database and additional fieldwork and experiments, I will use three approaches to uncover the mechanism of adaptation in winter moths: (1) Population dynamics and genetics: has mistiming in winter moths resulted in population bottlenecks? (2) Embryology and transcriptomics: when and how during egg development does temperature act? (3) Genomics: which genomic regions have been the target of selection during adaptation to climate change?
AcroniemAL-II
StatusGeëindigd
Effectieve start/einddatum01/09/201801/12/2023

VN Doelstellingen voor duurzame ontwikkeling

In 2015 stemden de VN-lidstaten in met 17 wereldwijde duurzame ontwikkelingsdoelstellingen (Sustainable Development Goals, SDG's) om armoede te beëindigen, de planeet te beschermen en voor iedereen welvaart te garanderen. Dit project draagt bij aan de volgende duurzame ontwikkelingsdoelstelling(en):

  • SDG 13 – Klimaatactie
  • SDG 15 – Leven op het land

Vingerafdruk

Verken de onderzoeksgebieden die bij dit project aan de orde zijn gekomen. Deze labels worden gegenereerd op basis van de onderliggende prijzen/beurzen. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.
  • NEV Dissertation Award

    van Dis, N. (Recipient), 15-dec.-2023

    Prijs: PrizeAcademic

    Bestand