We found previously that electrical stimulation of the mixed autonomic pancreatic nerves (MPNS) in anesthesized dogs elicits marked and rapid increases of pancreatic output of both norepinephrine (NE) and galanin, and on that basis hypothesized a role for galanin as a sympathetic cotransmitter in the endocrine pancreas. In the present study, direct evidence was sought for the co-release of galanin and NE from canine pancreas by determining whether pancreatic galanin output is subject to modulation by presynaptic α2-adrenergic mechanisms as has been established for NE. During MPNS (8 Hz, 1 ms, 10 mA, 10 min) in anesthesized dogs, both pancreatic NE and galanin outflow were increased with similar temporal patterns during consecutive stimulations. Blockade of presynaptic α2-adrenoceptors with yohimbine increased and stimulation of presynaptic α2-adrenoceptors with clonidine reduced NE and galanin outflow. Over all experiments, pancreatic spillover of galanin was highly correlated with that of NE. It is concluded that presynaptic α2-adrenergic mechanisms modulate not only NE but also pancreatic galanin release, suggesting that galanin is co-released with NE from noradrenergic nerves in the endocrine pancreas.
|Tijdschrift||The American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Status||Published - 1992|