Background: Assessment of the quality of general movements (GMs) is an early clinical marker for prediction of cerebral palsy.
Aims: To explore how the General Movements Assessment (GMsA) relates to traditional newborn and infant measures currently in use.
Study design: A prospective cohort design was used to examine concurrent validity of the GMsA in Neonatal Intensive Care (NICU) survivors (n = 100) at three age points: preterm (34 weeks gestational age GA), term (38-40 weeks GA), and post term (12 weeks adjusted age [AA]) with traditional assessments (see below). Correlation analysis was used to determine the strength of the associations between tests at each age point.
Subjects: Preterm infants born at
Outcome measures: Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP), Einstein Neonatal Neurobehavioral. Assessment Scale (ENNAS), Alberta Infant Motor Scales (AIMS).
Results: A low-strength relationship (r=
Conclusions: Evidence of concurrent validity of the GMsA with traditional assessments was not found. These early findings support Prechtl's suggestion that GMs reflect a unique neurologic construct, different from traditional tests and reinforce the complementary perspective which the GMsA brings to neonatal assessment. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.