In this study, we demonstrate a novel fabrication method to prepare metallic Janus silica particles by embedding nanosized silica particles on a spherical polystyrene (PS) substrate in supercritical carbon dioxide (sc CO2), followed by labelling with gold nanoparticles on the exposed part of the silica colloids. To this end, three main types of Janus particles displaying two distinct surfaces are produced by recovering silica from the polystyrene template. Embedment of particles into the PS template in sc CO2 allows for precise control of the degree of embedding of particles and subsequent modification of the partially exposed particle surface. The embedding degree, as well as the final Janus balance, can be varied over a wide range through control of pressure, temperature, or treatment time of sc CO2. Hierarchical PS-silica composites and embedment are evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Partial surface modification with gold nanoparticles is investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). With this method various functionalized Janus particles with tuneable properties can be prepared by adjusting various surface modifiers and polymer substrates in the future.
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||21|
|Status||Published - 7-nov.-2013|