A peptide factor secreted by Staphylococcus pseudintermedius exhibits properties of both bacteriocins and virulence factors

Benedykt Wladyka, Marcin Piejko, Monika Bzowska, Piotr Pieta, Monika Krzysik, Lukasz Mazurek, Ibeth Guevara-Lora, Michal Bukowski, Artur J. Sabat, Alexander W. Friedrich, Emilia Bonar, Jacek Miedzobrodzki, Adam Dubin, Pawel Mak*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

33 Citaten (Scopus)
353 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a common commensal bacterium colonizing the skin and mucosal surfaces of household animals. However, it has recently emerged as a dangerous opportunistic pathogen, comparable to S. aureus for humans. The epidemiological situation is further complicated by the increasing number of methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius infections and evidence of gene transmission driving antibiotic resistance between staphylococci colonizing human and zoonotic hosts. In the present study, we describe a unique peptide, BacSp222, that possesses features characteristic of both bacteriocins and virulence factors. BacSp222 is secreted in high quantities by S. pseudintermedius strain 222 isolated from dog skin lesions. This linear, fifty-amino-acid highly cationic peptide is plasmid-encoded and does not exhibit significant sequence similarities to any other known peptides or proteins. BacSp222 kills gram-positive bacteria (at doses ranging from 0.1 to several micromol/l) but also demonstrates significant cytotoxic activities towards eukaryotic cells at slightly higher concentrations. Moreover, at nanomolar concentrations, the peptide also possesses modulatory properties, efficiently enhancing interferon gamma-induced nitric oxide release in murine macrophage-like cell lines. BacSp222 appears to be one of the first examples of multifunctional peptides that breaks the convention of splitting bacteriocins and virulence factors into two unrelated groups.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer14569
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftScientific Reports
Volume5
DOI's
StatusPublished - 28-sep-2015

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